[ A to M | N to Z ]
opaque: a paint, ink or other pigment that transfers no light and
can readily be made to cover or hide what is under it.
the degree to which a paint, ink or other pigment is opaque.
oil paint: paint made with pigments that have been diluted with
oil rather than with water. A painting made using oils is an oil painting.
plate: any thin sheet of metal that is used as a surface for
drawing a print. The plate may be etched or engraved or may be drawn
on with grease for lithography.
polychromatic: having two or more colours in addition to that
of the printing or painting surface.
a tool used in printmaking that applies pressure to the plate to transfer
the original image to paper or another suitable surface.
an impression or print which has been directly produced by an artist
or his printer on a plate or a screen, and which has been hand-pulled.
This is not to be confused with reproduction.
the steps used to create a piece of artwork. This may include a series
of preliminary sketches or studies, a series of artist's proofs and
the actual task of making the print using the appropriate technique.
to make a print.
realist: an artist whose work is done in a style known as realism,
in which the subjects appear as they would in life.
a copy of an original work of art which has been produced in another
medium; usually a photomechanical reproduction, which can be identified
as such on close examination.
screen: a sheet of woven fabric or metal which is stretched on
a frame. When paint or ink is pressed on top of a screen, it will come
through the holes of the weave unless blocked by some method.
a type of print made by forcing paint, ink or pigment through a fabric
screen, onto a piece of paper or other suitable material. Different
shapes are created through the use of stencils or blocks, which prevent
the pigment from being transferred to the paper.
stencil: a pattern produced by painting over a surface in which
the pigment can only come through in certain areas, such as a shape
cut out of paper, or a hole not covered by lacquer or another blocking
stippling: the method of applying small dots with the point of
a brush to form an image. When the dots are closer together, the image
will appear more solid.
a non-cutting blade, usually made of hard rubber fitted into a hardwood
handle which is used in the silkscreen process. The squeegee is held
in both hands by the printmaker and firm, even pressure is applied as
the squeegee is pulled across the screen, forcing the paint or ink through
assistant: a person who helps the artist complete the more routine
tasks of a work. This may include various tasks, from cleaning screens,
to completing the underpainting of a work to arranging supplies. Studio
assistants have been used by professional artists throughout history
and often prove invaluable.
a preliminary idea of a projected work. This work is usually less detailed
and refined than the finished work and will often only include a detail,
or selected area, of that final work.
subject: the specific, concrete object or objects that are featured
as the main focal point in a work of art.
texture: in a work of art, the quality of the surface of an object.
theme: the more subjective underlying idea or ideas behind a
piece of art that the subject has been chosen to represent.
transparent: a paint, ink or other pigment that transfers some
degree of light and which allows what is under it to show through to
transparency: the degree to which something is transparent.
to move a drawing or painting from once surface to another, usually
by copying or redrawing it. One tool that artists use for transposing
images is a grid.
a preliminary layer of paint that is applied before the final layer,
the overpainting, is done. The underpainting is used by the artist as
a guide and is sometimes completed by a studio assistant.
undertone: the colour effect of a pigment that is viewed by transmitted
light through another transparent pigment.
paint made with pigments that have been diluted with water rather than
with oil; a painting made with watercolours.
a type of print made by removing pieces from the top of a flat piece
of wood which is then inked and pressed onto paper or other suitable
material. A woodcut may be made using engraving, where the image is
cut into the block in reverse and everything else is printed, or using
relief, where everything but the image is cut away from the top of the
A to M ]
1. Allen, R.E.,
ed. The Oxford Dictionary of Concise English. Oxford University
Press, Oxford: 1984
2. Anchorage Museum
of History and Art. Squish 2000-2001 Children's Exhibit.
Anchorage, Alaska: 2000
3. Mayer, Ralph,
ed. The Harper Collins Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques,
Second Edition. Harper Perennial. New York, NewYork: 1991.
4. Memorial University
Art Gallery. St. Michael's Printshop: 1972-1987. St. John's,