Cape Shore Feb, 1996
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Other Media


Aside from works done by painting, silkscreen printing and lithography, Christopher Pratt often works in other media. These media types all have their own processes which are explained below.

Mixed Media

Night Nude Christopher Pratt often works in what is known as mixed media. A good deal of mixed media work has been completed by Pratt recently, especially during the period shortly after the fire that destroyed his studio in 1992. Mixed media is not so much a medium in its own right as a combination of different types of media. This should not be confused with collage. For example, Above Gander Lake (1997) is a mixed media work made with a lithographic image (the trees and scenery) printed on top of a silkscreened sky. Because the process of the piece depends on which types of media are used in the work, there is no one process for mixed media works. Night Nude: Summer of the Karmann Ghia (1994) is in gouache and colour pencils over watercolour.

Woodcut and Linocut

Tree and MoonTwo other closely related media in which Pratt has created artworks are woodcut and linocut prints. Most of Pratt's woodcuts and linocuts were made in his early career, between 1958 and 1960. These media are both basic printmaking techniques. In a woodcut, an image is drawn on a block of wood. After the image is completed, parts of the block are cut or gouged out using specially designed cutting tools, leaving only the lines, shapes and areas the artist wants to print. Using a roller, the block of wood is then covered with ink or paint and is pressed onto a piece of paper. Aspect of Point Lance is a woodcut that was made in 1960. A linocut, like Tree and Moon (1958), is similar to a woodcut, except for the fact that a block of linoleum is used instead of wood. Linoleum is an old fashioned flooring material and is softer and easier to cut than wood and has no grain.
Woodcuts and linocuts can be cut and printed in either bas or relief. In bas, the image itself is cut out and everything left is inked and printed. This means that the image will be a negative print. Relief is the opposite of bas, meaning that everything except the image is cut or gouged away. This makes a positive image.

Residue of FireA collage (which comes from the French collé, meaning glue) is similar in some ways to mixed media in that it is a combination of different materials. However, in collage, physically different materials are glued or otherwise fastened on top of, or adjacent to each other, whereas in mixed media different artistic techniques are used. Pratt does not often use collage, but when he does, it may be used in a variety of ways. Pratt uses collage both in studies, like the one for Ocean Racer (1975), and works like Residue of Fire: Mary, Donna and Me (1998) and Self Portrait: Who is This Sir Munnings? (1998), which is classified as mixed media because it incorporates some collage in addition to painting.


Graphite or Ink

Pruned Trees At Netherlea
Pratt also works in many drawing media, primarily graphite (usually ordinary pencils) and ink. Nearly all of his figure drawings and many of his studies are made with graphite on paper. Pruned Trees At Netherlea (1963) is one example of a finished work done in ink on paper.

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Labrador, 1970